•   Also known as hoarseness where you may feel you voice has become weak or raspy.
  • This could be due to many reasons. Some of them are listed here:

  •   Inflammation of the larynx, known as laryngitis
  •   Weakness or paralysis of one of the vocal cords
  •   Presence of a swelling or growth on the vocal cords
  •   Systemic diseases such as diabetes and thyroid disease
  •   Trauma to the cords
  •   Voice abuse
  •   Smoking
  •   Neurological conditions
  •   After asking you about the onset, duration and frequency of hoarseness, your doctor will examine your throat. A laryngoscopy is done visualise the inside of the back of your throat your larynx and appearance and condition of your vocal cords.

    Management of hoarseness depends on the underlying cause:

    Hoarseness with sudden onset due to laryngitis may be relieved by:

  •   Voice rest
  •   Steam inhalation
  •   Plenty of fluids
  •   Avoid alcohol and caffeine. Stop smoking.
  •   You may require oral steroids to reduce inflammation
  •   Management of neurological/systemic conditions leading to hoarseness
  •   Imaging (CT/MRI) may be done to identify any lesion/swelling in the neck or chest that may be compressing the nerve supplying the vocal cords
  •   Surgery may be done in case of vocal cord nodules and polyps.
  •   Biopsy is taken from a growth (if it cannot be removed completely) to confirm the disease, determine the stage of disease and plan further management