Types of hearing loss:
- Conductive (involving the middle and outer ear).
- Sensorineural (damage to the nerves in the ear).
- Mixed (a combination of both).
- The most common surgical procedure is called tympanoplasty. It may also be done endoscopically depending on the size of the perforation. Your own tissue is used as a graft to repair the drum
Causes of decreased hearing may be some of the following:
- Wax in the ear.
- Perforation in the ear drum.
- Infection or discharge in the middle ear or ear canal.
- Fixation of the tiny bones in the ear.
- Accumulation of fungal debris in the ear.
- Abnormal bony growths in the ear canal.
- Exposure to loud noises, sudden or prolonged (occupational).
- Sudden sensorineural hearing loss: If you have a sudden loss of hearing, particularly in one ear, seek immediate medical attention.
- Side effects of some medicines.
Age related hearing loss:
- Age-related hearing loss is also known as presbycusis. Although age-related hearing loss is not a life-threatening condition, it can have a significant impact on your quality of life if left untreated.li>
- It can be caused by other illnesses such as diabetes, prolonged exposure to loud noises, prolonged use of certain medicines, family history of hearing loss and smoking.
- If you have symptoms of age-related hearing loss, see your doctor to diagnose your condition. A complete examination is done to rule out other causes of hearing loss. Following this, you may be referred to a hearing specialist, or an audiologist, who will perform a hearing test to help determine the type of hearing loss and the degree.
- This is a progressive condition. Use of assistive devices such as hearing aids can improve your quality of life.