Hearing loss

Types of hearing loss:

  •  Conductive (involving the middle and outer ear).
  •  Sensorineural (damage to the nerves in the ear).
  •   Mixed (a combination of both).
  •   The most common surgical procedure is called tympanoplasty. It may also be done endoscopically depending on the size of the perforation. Your own tissue is used as a graft to repair the drum

    Causes of decreased hearing may be some of the following:

  •  Wax in the ear.
  •  Perforation in the ear drum.
  •   Infection or discharge in the middle ear or ear canal.
  •   Fixation of the tiny bones in the ear.
  •   Accumulation of fungal debris in the ear.
  •   Abnormal bony growths in the ear canal.
  •   Exposure to loud noises, sudden or prolonged (occupational).
  •   Sudden sensorineural hearing loss: If you have a sudden loss of hearing, particularly in one ear, seek immediate medical attention.
  •   Side effects of some medicines.

    Age related hearing loss:

  •  Age-related hearing loss is also known as presbycusis. Although age-related hearing loss is not a life-threatening condition, it can have a significant impact on your quality of life if left untreated.li>
  •  It can be caused by other illnesses such as diabetes, prolonged exposure to loud noises, prolonged use of certain medicines, family history of hearing loss and smoking.
  •   If you have symptoms of age-related hearing loss, see your doctor to diagnose your condition. A complete examination is done to rule out other causes of hearing loss. Following this, you may be referred to a hearing specialist, or an audiologist, who will perform a hearing test to help determine the type of hearing loss and the degree.
  •   This is a progressive condition. Use of assistive devices such as hearing aids can improve your quality of life.