- Small painful lesions that develop in your mouth or on your gums. They can make eating, drinking, and talking uncomfortable.
- Mouth ulcers aren’t contagious and usually go away within one to two weeks.
- Injury to the mucosa or tongue - trauma or bite
- Poor orodental hygiene
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Localised infections
- Diabetes mellitus
- Diseases such as Inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease (inability to tolerate gluten), or Behcet’s disease
Some factors and triggers that have been found to cause ulcers:
- Healthy balanced diet with reduced stress and adequate physical activity
- Local anaesthetic ointments to reduce that pain, so you are able to eat
- Maintaining orodental hygiene
- Local corticosteroids to reduce inflammation
- Remove the source of repeated injury to the mucosa resulting in ulceration