Oesophagus Cancers

The Oesophagus is the swallowing tube or pipe which functions to carry food from the mouth to the stomach. We also called this gullet which is a part of our digestive system .

Types Of Oesophageal cancer

  •  The Lower Oesophagous Cancers are known as ACC (Adenocarcinoma). It is the cancer which locates in the connective tissues layer under the Mucosa.
  •  The Upper Oesophagus cancers are known as SCC (Squamous Cell Carcinoma) occurs when the cancer develops in the mucosa — the thin, flat cells lining the oesophagus.

  • Due to increase in awareness it is easier to treat Oesophageal cancers

Signs and symptoms of Oesophageal cancer

  •  Persistent Pain in swallowing
  •  Weight loss. Without any specific reason
  •  Feeling of pain behind the breastbone
  •  Hoarseness and cough with unknown etiology
  •  Indigestion and heartburn for long time

Risk Factors

It is difficult to say specific causes for the Oesophageal cancer as they affect any age group at any point of time

The following are the Factors which may cause the Oesophageal cancer:

  •  Gender- Men are more prone to oesophageal cancer than women. The ratio is 3:1.
  •  Age- Usually it is seen under 60 means, the older you get, the higher the risk. As it is less seen in under 45. But recent studies show that increase in the cases in lesser age as well.
  •  Obesity and digestive disorders- The more you weigh the more is the risk of Oesophageal cancer Other factors Like Heartburn,Acid reflux disease for long term and acid indigestion also increase the chances of this cancer.
  •  Smoking- Its one of the main causes of Oesophageal cancers.
  •  Alcohol- Heavy alcohol drinkers also have the higher chances of Oesophageal cancer.
  •  Hot Drinks And Diet- Hot Drinks may damage the lining of Oesophageus over the time and cause Oesophageal cancers.

Eating habits of Red Meat, processed food like Burgers, ham, Sausages may increase the risk of developing the cancer.


The following tests and procedures may be used:

  •  Physical exam and health history
  •  Chest x-ray
  •  Oesophagoscopy
  •  Biopsy
  •  Treatment Option Overview

There are different types of treatment for patients with oesophageal cancer.

Six types of standard treatment are used:

  •  Surgery
  •  Radiation therapy
  •  Chemotherapy
  •  Chemo radiation therapy
  •  Laser therapy
  •  Electrocoagulation

Cancer research is continuously underway. Your doctor may suggest experimental protocols for brand spanking new treatments. Discuss the goals, benefits, and side effects of every potential treatment. Wish a Cure provides compassionate care and comprehensive treatment for people with Oesophagus cancer.