Salivary gland disorders
- Produced by major and minor salivary glands that empty into the mouth.
- Protects teeth from decay and initiated digestion.
- Blockage of the ducts of the salivary glands due to stones (sialolithiasis) resulting in partial or complete obstruction of salivary flow
- Painful lump below the jaw that increases in size following meals
- You may be prescribed antibiotics in this blockage has resulted in infection of the gland. Suckling lime helps relieve the symptoms.
- If the condition persists and there is limited relief with medication you may be advised an X-Ray or an MRI to identify a stone
- You may be advised surgical removal of the gland if the stone is deep and cannot be teased out of the duct.
- Infection of the salivary gland. May occur due to stones blocking the ducts of the gland or because of bacterial infection or viral (e.g. mumps)
- Increase in size of the salivary gland involved
- You may experience pus entering your mouth
- You may have fever.
- You may be prescribed a course of antibiotics and advised to rest and drink plenty of fluids
- Application of heat on the inflamed gland may allow some relief
- In case of a viral infection, such as mumps, both parotid glands are involved.
- Presence of cysts in the gland
- Dry mouth
- Dry eyes
- Tooth decay
- Poor dental hygiene
- Joint pains and swelling
- Common in the parotid gland
Autoimmune disorders such as Sjogren’s syndrome:
- Lump or swelling on or near the jaw
- Numbness of the face or deviation
- Trouble opening the mouth
- Respiratory rate
- Oxygen levels in your blood
- Diagnosis confirmed with imaging (X-Ray/MRI/CT) along with biopsy
- Further management depends on the stage of disease.
Patient may have:
- Old age
- Radiation exposure while treating head and neck tumours
- Exposure to certain substances at the work place
- Non-cancerous such as pleomorphic adenoma
- Benign tumour of the salivary gland
- Most commonly involved gland is the parotid gland
- Slow growing painless mass, may cause facial deviation due to compression of the nerve supplying muscles of facial expression.
- May rarely convert to cancerous in nature
- More common in females between 4th and 6th decade
- Surgical resection is the treatment of choice