SLEEP RELATED DISORDERS

Sleep related disorders

    •  Snoring
    •  Common phenomenon, that may worsen with age
    •  Lifestyle modification can reduce snoring.

    Causes:

  •  Restricted air movement in the nose or throat due to colds or aggravated allergies
  •  Enlarged tonsils
  •  Bulky palate
  •  Age (older people tend to suffer more from sleep related disorders due to increased tissue laxity)
  •  Obesity

    Diagnosis:

  •  A complete physical examination
  •  X-rays, CT or MRI may be done to check the airway for abnormalities

    Sleep study:

  •  In depth study of your sleep and its patterns

    Sensors attached to measure:

  •  Brain activity
  •  Eye movement
  •  Muscle activity
  •  Heart rate and rhythm
  •  Respiratory rate
  •  Oxygen levels in your blood

    Management:

  •  Advised weight loss
  •  Lifestyle modification in patients with mild snoring
  •  Patient encouraged to sleep on one side or propped up.
  •  Regular sleeping time
  •  Avoiding alcohol before bedtime
  •  Treatment of the underlying cause
  •  Guard in the mouth to position your tongue and keep your airway open
  •  Surgery to stiffen the palate and reduce snoring
  •  Surgery to correct the nasal bone if the deviation is narrowing the cavity and resulting in snoring
  •  Tonsils may be removed if they are markedly enlarged narrowing the airway and is causing snoring
  •  Use of CPAP or BiPAP machines that direct pressurised air into your airway to eliminate snoring and episodes of sleep apnea

    Complications:

  •  Daytime sleepiness affecting your daily activities
  •  Difficulty concentrating
  •  Accidents at the work place or while driving
  •  High blood pressure
  •  Heart disease
  •  Headaches