TONSILLITIS

TONSILLITIS

  •  Inflammation of the tonsils lying at the back of your throat
  •  Caused due to bacterial or viral infection
  •  They can occur at any age, but are more common in the childhood.
  •  You may experience severe pain in the throat associated with difficulty swallowing or eating and high grade fever with chills.
  •  This condition may be contagious.
  •  The tonsils appear red and swollen with white or yellow spots

    Some factors and triggers that have been found to cause ulcers:

  •  Injury to the mucosa or tongue - trauma or bite
  •  Poor orodental hygiene
  •  Nutritional deficiencies
  •  Stress
  •  Radiation
  •  Localised infections
  •  Diabetes mellitus
  •  Diseases such as Inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease (inability to tolerate gluten), or Behcet’s disease
  •  HIV/AIDS

    Management:

    Medical:

  •  Antibiotics
  •  Medication to reduce the pain and fever
  •  Antiseptic gargles and mouthwashes
  •  Plenty of fluids and rest
  •  Surgical: Tonsillectomy may be advised

    Number or episodes of tonsillitis:

  •  7 times in one year
  •  5 times per year over two years
  •  3 times per year over the past three yearss

    If the following are present:

  •  7 times in one year
  •  sore throats should be due to tonsillitis
  •   five or more episodes per year
  •  symptoms for at least a year
  •  episodes are disabling and prevent normal function, the child is not able to attend school
  •  Surgery can relieve breathing problems and trouble